Preventive effects of sodium hyaluronate combined with pelvic floor neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the intrauterine adhesions in women after abortion

Authors

  • Yanan Sun Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Bethune International Peace Hospital, Shijiazhuang, China
  • Wenjuan Zhang Pelvic floor Rehabilitation Clinic, Shijiazhuang People’s Hospital, Shijiazhuang, China
  • Yuru Cai Department of Gynecology, Shijiazhuang People’s Hospital, Shijiazhuang, China https://orcid.org/0009-0009-9246-6572
  • Haiyan Li Department of Gynecology, Shijiazhuang People’s Hospital, Shijiazhuang, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17305/bb.2023.9467

Keywords:

Intrauterine adhesions, sodium hyaluronate, pelvic floor neuromuscular electrical stimulation, abortion, surgery

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of combining pelvic floor neuromuscular stimulation treatment (NMES) with sodium hyaluronate in preventing intrauterine adhesions (IUA) following abortion. A total of 140 women who underwent artificial abortion were enrolled. The control group received only an intrauterine injection of sodium hyaluronate post-surgery, while the observation group received both the injection and daily pelvic floor NMES treatments, beginning on the day after the abortion. Monthly follow-ups on menstrual conditions were conducted for six months post-surgery. Fasting venous blood samples from both groups were collected on the second day post-abortion and the day after treatment. Transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound was used on the second day post-abortion and the 15th day post the first menstrual cycle to measure endometrial thickness, and the pulsatility and resistance indices of the endometrial spiral arteries. Over the six-month follow-up, the combination therapy group exhibited a notably lower IUA incidence compared to the control group (2.8% vs. 15.7%). Furthermore, combined treatment significantly expedited post-abortion menstrual recovery, reduced vaginal bleeding volume and duration (P < 0.001). It also increased endometrial thickness and reduced the endometrial spiral artery's pulsatility and resistance indices (P < 0.05). In addition, lower serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and higher interleukin-10 (IL-10) were found in the observation group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The combination therapy offers significant advantages in preventing and reducing IUA after abortion, resulting in a substantial reduction in IUA occurrence.

Preventive effects of sodium hyaluronate combined with pelvic floor neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the intrauterine adhesions in women after abortion

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Published

03-01-2024

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Section

Translational and Clinical Research

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How to Cite

1.
Preventive effects of sodium hyaluronate combined with pelvic floor neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the intrauterine adhesions in women after abortion. Biomol Biomed [Internet]. 2024 Jan. 3 [cited 2024 Feb. 23];24(1):153–158. Available from: https://bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/9467