The potential of metabolic and lipid profiling in inflammatory bowel diseases: A pilot study

Metabolic and lipid profiling in inflammatory bowel diseases

  • Cristian Tefas Gastroenterology Department, “Prof. Dr. Octavian Fodor” Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; Department of Internal Medicine, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8263-7923
  • Lidia Ciobanu Gastroenterology Department, “Prof. Dr. Octavian Fodor” Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; Department of Internal Medicine, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Marcel Tanțău Gastroenterology Department, “Prof. Dr. Octavian Fodor” Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; Department of Internal Medicine, “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Corina Moraru RTD Center for Applied Biotechnology BIODIATECH, SC Proplanta, Cluj-Napoca, Romania https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9763-8956
  • Carmen Socaciu RTD Center for Applied Biotechnology BIODIATECH, SC Proplanta, Cluj-Napoca, Romania https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7352-5057
Keywords: Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, metabolomics, lipidomics

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are conditions that still pose significant problems. A third of the patients are either misdiagnosed or a proper diagnosis of Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) cannot be made. We need new biomarkers, so that we can offer patients the best treatment and keep the disease in an inactive state for as long as possible. Alterations in metabolic profiles have been incriminated in the pathophysiology of IBD. The aim of the present study was to identify molecules that could serve as biomarkers for a positive diagnosis of IBD as well as to discriminate UC from colonic CD. Twenty-two patients with active colonic IBD (UC = 17, CD = 5) and 24 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were enrolled. Plasma lipid and metabolic profiles were quantified using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry. Univariate and multivariate statistical tests were employed. Six lipid species and 7 metabolites were significantly altered in IBD patients compared to healthy controls, with the majority belonging to glycerophospholipid, linoleic acid, and sphingolipid metabolisms. Five lipid species and only 1 metabolite were significantly increased in UC compared to CD. This preliminary study suggests that lipid and metabolic profiling of serum can become diagnostic tools for IBD. In addition, they can be used to differentiate between CD and UC.

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The potential of metabolic and lipid profiling in inflammatory bowel diseases: a pilot study
Published
2019-08-01
How to Cite
1.
Tefas C, Ciobanu L, Tanțău M, Moraru C, Socaciu C. The potential of metabolic and lipid profiling in inflammatory bowel diseases: A pilot study. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2019Aug.1 [cited 2019Nov.12];00. Available from: https://bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/4235
Section
New and Emerging Methods