The comparison of thermal tissue injuries caused by ultrasonic scalpel and electrocautery use in rabbit tongue tissue

  • Guclu Kaan Beriat Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical School, Ufuk University
  • Sefik Halit Akmansu Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical School, Ufuk University
  • Hande Ezerarslan Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical School, Ufuk University
  • Cem Dogan Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical School, Ufuk University
  • Unsal Han Department of Pathology, Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital
  • Mehmet Saglam Department of Surgery, Veterinary Medicine School, Ankara University
  • Oytun Okan Senel Department of Surgery, Veterinary Medicine School, Ankara University
  • Sinan Kocaturk Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical School, Ufuk University
Keywords: Rabbit, tongue, electrocautery, scalpel, temperature, thermal injury

Abstract

The aim of this study compares to the increase in tissue temperature and the thermal histological effects of ultrasonic scalpel, bipolar and unipolar electrosurgery incisions in the tongue tissue of rabbits. This study evaluates the histopathological changes related to thermal change and the maximum temperature values in the peripheral tissue brought about by the incisions carried out by the three methods in a comparative way. To assess thermal tissue damage induced by the three instruments, maximum tissue temperatures were measured during the surgical procedure and tongue tissue samples were examined histopathologically following the surgery. The mean maximum temperature values of the groups were 93.93±2.76 C° for the unipolar electrocautery group, whereas 85.07±5.95 C° for the bipolar electrocautery group, and 108.23±7.64 C° for the ultrasonic scalpel group.

There was a statistically significant relationship between the increase in maximum temperature values and the separation among tissue layers, edema, congestion, necrosis, hemorrhage, destruction in blood vessel walls and fibrin accumulation, and between the existence of fibrin thrombus and tissue damage depth (p<0.05).

It was concluded that the bipolar electrocautery use gives way to less temperature increase in the tissues and less thermal tissue damage in comparison to the other methods.

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The comparison of thermal tissue injuries caused by ultrasonic scalpel and electrocautery use in rabbit tongue tissue
Published
2012-08-20
How to Cite
1.
Kaan Beriat G, Halit Akmansu S, Ezerarslan H, Dogan C, Han U, Saglam M, Okan Senel O, Kocaturk S. The comparison of thermal tissue injuries caused by ultrasonic scalpel and electrocautery use in rabbit tongue tissue. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2012Aug.20 [cited 2020Sep.24];12(3):151-7. Available from: https://bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/2462
Section
Translational and Clinical Research