The clinical characteristics and surgical approach of scar endometriosis: A case series of 14 women

  • Faik Tatli Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • Orhan Gozeneli Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • Hacer Uyanikoglu Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0316-4900
  • Ali Uzunkoy Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • Huseyin Cahit Yalcın Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • Abdullah Ozgonul Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • Osman Bardakci Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • Adnan Incebiyik Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
  • Muhammet Emin Guldur Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Keywords: Abdominal wall endometriosis, cesarean section, surgery

Abstract

Scar endometriosis, also referred to as abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE), is a rare form of endometriosis that usually develops in the scar after obstetric or gynecological surgeries, including cesarean section (CS). Recently, the occurrence of scar endometriosis has been increasing together with the increase of CS incidence. Scar endometriosis can be clinically misdiagnosed as hernia, lipoma, or hematoma. Here we retrospectively analyzed the clinical aspects of scar endometriosis and surgical approach in 14 patients from a tertiary hospital, who were treated by surgery, between 2012 and 2017. The mean age was 32.71 ± 8.61 years (range: 19–45). Palpable mass and cyclic pain at the scar site were the most common complaints. Twelve patients had previously undergone CS, and two patients had undergone a surgery of ovarian endometrioma. The preoperative diagnosis was determined with ultrasonography (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or computed tomography (CT). Preoperatively, scar endometriosis was diagnosed in 12/14 patients (85.7%), while 2 patients (14.3%) were diagnosed with inguinal hernia. The treatment was surgical excision in all patients; in addition, mesh repair surgery was performed in 1 patient with recurrent scar endometriosis. Postoperatively, endometriosis was confirmed by histology in all patients. The average size of endometriomas was 24.71 ± 6.67 mm (range: 11–35). No woman had concurrent pelvic endometriosis. In the follow-up period (mean: 9 months) the recurrence of endometriosis was not observed. Scar endometriosis should be considered in all women of reproductive age presenting with cyclic pain and swelling in their abdominal incision sites.

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Author Biographies

Faik Tatli, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of General Surgery
Orhan Gozeneli, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of General Surgery
Hacer Uyanikoglu, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ali Uzunkoy, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of General Surgery
Huseyin Cahit Yalcın, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of General Surgery
Abdullah Ozgonul, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of General Surgery
Osman Bardakci, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of General Surgery
Adnan Incebiyik, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Muhammet Emin Guldur, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Harran University, Sanliurfa, Turkey
Department of Pathology

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Published
2018-08-01
How to Cite
1.
Tatli F, Gozeneli O, Uyanikoglu H, Uzunkoy A, Yalcın HC, Ozgonul A, Bardakci O, Incebiyik A, Guldur ME. The clinical characteristics and surgical approach of scar endometriosis: A case series of 14 women. Bosn J of Basic Med Sci [Internet]. 2018Aug.1 [cited 2019Nov.13];18(3):275-8. Available from: http://bjbms.org/ojs/index.php/bjbms/article/view/2659
Section
Translational and Clinical Research